How many migrants settle in Switzerland?
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Overall, more foreign nationals have entered Switzerland than have left the country: Switzerland has therefore experienced positive net migration for the last 25 years. But while net migration has been very high since 2007, this has not always been the case: for example, it was extremely low during the mid-1990s, when immigration decreased sharply because of the economic situation.
Net migration comprises two categories of immigrants: almost half are nationals of EU/EFTA countries, and the remainder are nationals of third countries. Among EU/EFTA countries, Germany, Portugal and France have been the leading contributors to net migration, and the countries of the former Yugoslavia have been the main third-country contributors. However, there are specific features associated with each individual country, as illustrated in the graphs.
Migration flows of European and African citizens are predominantly male, while those migrating to and from other continents are female for the most part. Young people dominate all migrant flows.
Emigration (outward): Foreign nationals who have left Switzerland
Immigration (inward): Foreign nationals who have entered Switzerland
Net migration: Difference between immigration and emigration of the foreign population
Source: Swiss Federal Statistical Office STATWEB
Note on the methodology: These figures show the numbers of arrivals and departures and the net migration (difference between arrivals and departures) for foreign nationals (Swiss nationals holding dual nationality excluded).
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