Vidal-Coso, Elena and Enrique Ortega-Rivera

How the Integration of Italians and Spaniards into the Swiss Labor Market Changed over Time
2016

The uneven effects of the financial and economic crisis in Europe that started in 2007 have changed intra-European migration, giving shape to new patterns and forms of mobility of workers. The substantial decline in east-west mobility and the rise of return and circular migration have coincided with a second wave of labor migration from Southern to Northern Europe driven by countries such as Spain, Italy, Portugal, and Greece – countries, which have been severely affected by the recession and austerity.